Peptide-targeted delivery of a pH sensor for quantitative measurements of intraglycosomal pH in live Trypanosoma brucei

TitlePeptide-targeted delivery of a pH sensor for quantitative measurements of intraglycosomal pH in live Trypanosoma brucei
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLin, S., Morris M. T., Ackroyd P. C., Morris J. C., and Christensen K. A.
JournalBiochemistry
Volume52
Pagination3629-37
Date PublishedMay 28
ISBN Number1520-4995 (Electronic)<br/>0006-2960 (Linking)
Accession Number23651061
Keywords*Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Animals, Flow cytometry, Microbodies/*metabolism, Subcellular Fractions/metabolism, Trypanosoma brucei brucei/*metabolism
Abstract

Studies of dynamic changes in organelles of protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei have been limited, in part because of the difficulty of targeting analytical probes to specific subcellular compartments. Here we demonstrate application of a ratiometric probe for pH quantification in T. brucei glycosomes. The probe consists of a peptide encoding the peroxisomal targeting sequence (F-PTS1, acetyl-CKGGAKL) coupled to fluorescein, which responds to pH. When incubated with living parasites, the probe is internalized within vesicular structures that colocalize with a glycosomal marker. Inhibition of uptake of F-PTS1 at 4 degrees C and pulse-chase colocalization with fluorescent dextran suggested that the probe is initially taken up by non-receptor-mediated endocytosis but is subsequently transported separately from dextran and localized within glycosomes, prior to the final fusion of labeled glycosomes and lysosomes as part of glycosomal turnover. Intraorganellar measurements and pH calibration with F-PTS1 in T. brucei glycosomes indicate that the resting glycosomal pH under physiological conditions is 7.4 +/- 0.2. However, incubation in glucose-depleted buffer triggered mild acidification of the glycosome over a period of 20 min, with a final observed pH of 6.8 +/- 0.3. This glycosomal acidification was reversed by reintroduction of glucose. Coupling of ratiometric fluorescent sensors and reporters to PTS peptides offers an invaluable tool for monitoring in situ glycosomal response(s) to changing environmental conditions and could be applied to additional kinetoplastid parasites.

Short TitlePeptide-Targeted Delivery of a pH Sensor for Quantitative Measurements of Intraglycosomal pH in Live Trypanosoma brucei